18
Jun
08

Solaris 10 and DHCP (AKA but, I know this system!)

I’ve been working on something completely new for the past 2 months which has involved a lot of travel. 95% travel, which leaves precious little time to write new articles, especially as I’ve been spending my off-hours learning HP-UX 11 and Solaris 8 and 10. And I still have AIX 5 to learn too.

Apperantly Solaris 10 and OpenSolaris have a little quirk around how they work with DHCP and setting the system’s DNS name. In our test lab, all our systems are assigned addresses via Microsoft DHCP, which then registers (and un-registers) non-Windows systems in DNS properly. However, the x86 Solaris systems we built for a customer test came up with name “unknown”, every single reboot. Changing /etc/hosts and /etc/hostname.pcn0 or /etc/hostname.vmxnet0 (physical or VMWare) to reflect the new proper hostname, however, didn’t affect the server on reboot – the settings would still be there, but not reflected in the OS, in /etc/hosts, or in DNS.

A bit of searching turns out a bunch of posts talking about editing /etc/nodename to put in the system name, but that file doesn’t exist out of the box on a “complete” or “minimal” install, and I’m always hesitant to create new files by hand in /etc/ unless I’m 100% sure that’s what’s needed. According to this post on Sun.com, some logic, and some testing, I think what’s going on is:

  1. Solaris expects DHCP to set the hostname of a system based on MAC address
  2. In case DHCP does not set a hostname via MAC address, or if that hostname is wrong, Solaris provides an override mechanism called /etc/nodename
  3. Because it’s an override, /etc/nodename is not created as a blank file, since that could be construed as “override DHCP with nothing”
  4. Therefore, every new box I build needs touching after final login

I’m not a huge fan of this, but I’m also not a fan of the number of times I need to click a mouse on an OS Install using software from the last year. The short version of all this is:

If you have a Solaris 10 box on DHCP named “unknown”, best practices is to set the hostname on the DHCP server. Otherwise echo newservername > tee /etc/nodename and reboot. (with “tee” in the pipeline, you can “sudo” this command as well).


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