05
Mar
09

Samba on Likewise Open – errors with machine accounts

We’ve had a few customers and Open users posting about problems with machine accounts trying to access Samba shares and getting denied with:
smbd/sesssetup.c:reply_spnego_kerberos(439) Username DOM\COMPUTER1$ is invalid on this system
The “$” at the end of the account name means it’s a computer account, not a user. We’re seeing this for Citrix MetaFrame application servers on shared storage, startup scripts not stored on a DC, and several other cases.

On a Samba server joined to AD with winbind, this is easy to deal with because Samba’s winbind can treat the computer accounts just like user accounts, and assign them access to the unix filesystem with whatever backend has been configured. When a Samba server is joined with Likewise, however, the machine accounts are not visible, and the “username is invalid” message comes up.

Fortunately, Samba gives us a method to handle this, in form of the “username map” directive in /etc/samba/smb.conf.  There are two ways to use this, the first is with the username map file.
In smb.conf, to simply add:
[global ]
username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

then create a file named /etc/samba/smbusers and populate it with localuser=aduser pairs, like:
COMPUTER1$ = compacct
COMPUTER2$ = compacct
CITRIXFARM1$ = citrxact

and so on. Lastly, you’ll have to add the local accounts from the pairs above:
useradd -c "Account for AD Computers to use Samba" compacct -G users -u 998
useradd -c "Account for AD Citrix Servers to use Samba" citrxact -G users -u 999

Then, whenever one of the AD computers in the list attempts to access the Samba share, it’ll be mapped to the local account.

The problem with this is when you have a lot of servers, like a Citrix MetaFrame farm, or a Windows Server 2008 R2 Remote Desktop Services farm, that may be changing frequently, because managing that file could get hard. In this case there is the username map script directive, which is added to smb.conf as:
[global ]
username map script = /usr/lib/samba/auth/machine-acct-map.pl

Then download this script and save it in /usr/lib/samba/auth/ and make it executable (chmod +x /usr/lib/samba/auth/machine-acct-map.pl). Then run:
useradd -c "Account for AD Computers to use Samba" compacct -G users -u 998
Now, all computers which access the share will be remapped to the “compacct” user, and you won’t have to manage a file for every time the server farm changes.

Get the file here.


2 Responses to “Samba on Likewise Open – errors with machine accounts”


  1. 1 dharjee
    2011-05-05 at 02:04

    Hello,

    please can you send me this script? It is not available on the link you posted.

    Thank you

    Denis


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